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In my very first job with some archaeologists, I wasn’t digging objects out of the ground, instead I was employed as an artist, drawing what they found. However, I was soon more interested in the stories behind the objects than in drawing them and that’s how my career in archaeology started. I still draw what I find in my work as a specialist on the Silk Road, the old trade route running from Egypt to Mongolia, and I also work on some underwater projects too.

In archaeology, my all-time hero is an American called Raphael Pumpelly. I first heard about him when I was a student on a trip to Turkmenistan, a country right in the heart of Asia. To get around the country, I had to learn Russian so that I could speak to the local people. When I got there I thought, “Wow! I’m one of the first Americans here!” Then an old man told me about an American archaeologist, Raphael Pumpelly, who was there doing the same thing over 100 years ago.

Archaeology’s in my family. My wife’s in the same profession, and, although our two boys aren’t interested in the future in archaeology themselves, we’ve been on some great digs together and they love what we do because they get to travel with us. Last summer, we took them to Lake Titicaca in South America, in the high areas of the Andes mountain range. My best experience was when I was digging on the Egyptian Red Sea coast. There’s very little rain and it’s so dry that everything is kept as it was. In an old house, where the owner used to store goods from the ships that came in, I picked up a 700-year-old mat in front of the house and there, under it, after all that time, was the house key with the owner’s name carved on it. It felt like he could be on his way home any minute! And I thought, “Hey, I do just that. This man’s not much different to me!”

1.While working in Egypt, what did the writer find so interesting?

A. That people from different centuries can be so similar.

B. The fact that the doormat was in such good condition.

C. The way the people managed to live in such a dry place.

D. That there had been so much trade in that area.

2.Which entry will the writer probably make in his diary?

A. Turkmenistan is interesting. I’m the first American to come here but I’m glad this is my last trip away.

B. I have been diving today and found some objects for an exhibition. I’ve just finished drawing them for my records.

C. I wish my children weren’t more interested in archaeology and would not work hard in the open like their parents.

D. It’s nearly dark but Raphael’s still busy digging in that old house. He can be very annoying. He thinks he’s the most important person here.

3.What is the writer’s main purpose in writing the text?

A. To describe the life of an archaeologist he admires.

B. To persuade people to take up archaeology as a career.

C. To explain what he enjoys about being an archaeologist.

D. To show how archaeologists work.

 

假定你是李华。端午节即将到来,请你写一封信邀请加拿大留学生Peter来你家过端午节。信的主要内容包括:

1. 表达你诚挚的邀请;

2. 对端午节做简单介绍;

3. 介绍你家乡的庆祝活动。

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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最定英需课上老师要求同果之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处游管情误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加,在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

The summer vacation is coming soon. I was very happy because I can forget about my school at most for a while. I have made a plan which I should spend it meaningfully. First, I think you should go over all those lesson my teachers taught me in the last term. So, I could have better understanding of it. Then, I think I should take up some forms of exercise, such as walking, run and surfing, to keep me physical strong. In order not to live up to what I have planned, I should make the best of my vacation time.

 

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

About the year 1898, a small, dark-haired hot boy named Charlie Chaplin was often seen 1.(wait) outside the back entrance of London Theatre. He looked thin and hungry. He was hoping to get work in show business. He could sing and dance. Above all, he knew how 2.(make) people laugh. But he couldn’t get work and so he 3.(wander) about the city streets. Sometimes he 4.(send) away to a home for children who had no parents.

But twenty years later this name Chaplin became the 5.(great), best-known, and best-loved comedian in the world. Any visitor to the cinema must have seen some of Chaplin’s films. People everywhere have sat and laughed at them until the 6.(tear) ran down their faces. Even people who don’t understand English can enjoy Chaplin’s films though most of them are 7.(silence). It isn’t 8. he says that makes us laugh. His comedy doesn’t depend upon words and languages. It depends upon little actions which mean 9. same thing to people all over the world. It’s a kind of world language.

Chaplin lived most of his life in America and died in Switzerland on Christmas Day, 1977, at the age of eighty-eight. The world was shocked 10. the news of the death and lost in sadness.

 

So few adults ever have the chance to really get to know their grandparents. I have been so _________ to know you into my 30s and to have _________ such a close friendship with you in spite of the 65-year gap. So much of this is due to your _________ and wisdom. I never shared the _________ that I would hear from others about having to put up with uncomfortable _________ with their elderly relatives. You and I would sit and talk for hours, simply enjoying each other’s being together, and I loved the weekends that I _________ visiting you.

Our relationship became really _________ when I was a little older and the two of us began to spend time alone together. After that, I left you to go to school and began to wrote letters to you. Later, my sister and I stayed with you as teenagers a few times. You were always _________ to hear about what was going on in my life, especially when I lived abroad and was _________ things you never had, and to learn about life as experienced by my generation.

More recently, as I asked you more, you began to __________ stories about your past. You didn’t have a (n) __________ life, losing your father when you were very young, then dealing with the bad effects of granddad’s __________ war experience. But you still had a store of funny stories. I __________ enjoyed the one you shared with me about your friend. She always had a good supply of __________ during the war, and then would drag you along to church, __________ “whatever she’d been doing to earn those sock”.

I will __________ you as ones of the most optimistic, cheerful and strong-minded people I have ever __________. I know you are always watching me in the heaven. I miss you. When I am an old woman myself, I know I will think of you can __________ more fully what an excellent __________ you set. I will not let you down if I succeed in __________ it.

1.A. lucky    B. lazy    C. special    D. peaceful

2.A. broken    B. developed    C. misunderstood    D. expanded

3.A. width    B. depth    C. length    D. warmth

4.A. idea    B. doubt    C. moment    D. explanation

5.A. answers    B. questions    C. talks    D. loss

6.A. enjoyed    B. spent    C. finished    D. preferred

7.A. endless    B. limited    C. cold    D. close

8.A. excited    B. tired    C. puzzled    D. upset

9.A. copying    B. experiencing    C. confirming    D. delivering

10.A. consult    B. debate    C. discuss    D. share

11.A. funny    B. easy    C. challenging    D. meaningful

12.A. comfortable    B. believable    C. painful    D. familiar

13.A. particularly    B. approximately    C. slightly    D. frequently

14.A. presents    B. weapons    C. socks    D. reliefs

15.A. realizing    B. forgiving    C. wondering    D. admitting

16.A. remember    B. impress    C. surround    D. inspire

17.A. spied    B. struggled    C. known    D. astonished

18.A. prove    B. move    C. appreciate    D. stand

19.A. standard    B. example    C. goal    D. deadline

20.A. considering    B. continuing    C. spotting    D. following

 

Why Walking is Good for Weight Loss

The best form of exercise is walking. Casual walk for thirty to forty minutes can do wonders for the body. 1.. Displayed below are reasons.

Help to burn calories(卡路里)

A daily walk routine can help to burn calories. Walking for thirty minutes a day can help to burn about three to four hundred calories per day. A daily walk helps to burn 100 calories per mile. 2..

Help to improve energy level

There could be a possibility of drying up with other stressful forms of exercises. This is not possible with walking. 3.. With burning calories, it helps to stay active and fit throughout the day.

4.

Walking helps to decrease the risk of health related diseases and infections(传染病). In fact, with weight loss it helps to maintain a normal heart rate. Walking for weight loss is good as it helps to stay active and fit. It burns fat, but helps to strengthen the immune system of the body.

Help in planning

5.. It doesn’t like gym and other types of exercises. There is no proper planning required for walking. The progress is easy to track, there are many smart apps which are available for walk and weight loss. It helps to keep a track on calories burned to lose weight.

A. Help to stay energetic

B. Walking doesn’t cost much

C. Help to decrease health risks

D. It is best to walk daily to keep a good body shape

E. Walking is perhaps the easiest form of daily exercise but benefits us a lot

F. Walking helps in weight loss, but at the same time it improves your energy

G. Starting a particular weight loss plan is easy, but continuing with the plan is difficult

 

Beer is one of the world’s most popular drinks. One of beer’s most important ingredients(成分)is water. Beer makers say you need up to five liters(升)of water to make one liter of beer. If water becomes limited, then, will people have to stop making beer? Beer makers have already thought of that possibility. So, in some cities, people are testing out beers made from collected and filtered rainwater.

They are also collecting rainwater and water from the beer-making process for use inside the beer factory. Sierra Nevada is a well-known beer factory in California. It uses rainwater for cleaning and washing toilets. Beer makers understand the importance of saving water. If there is no water, there is no beer.

That is why Stone Beer Company, near San Diego, California, worked with a local water treatment program to make beer. The program is called Pure Water San Diego. It wants to provide one-third of the city’s water by 2035.

Working with Pure Water, the beer factory used purified water that came from wastewater. Wastewater is water that has already been used for showers, washing dishes or toilets.

Stone is a large beer factory. It has customers across the U.S. and Europe. Some of their beers are among the best in the United States. So it was a big deal when Stone released a special beer called Full Circle Pale Ale in March. Many websites and newspapers wrote about the beer. They reported that it was made from “toilet water.” Local television stations recorded people's reactions as they tasted the beer.

Stone later wrote a blog post saying it was not happy with all of the news coverage-especially reports that centered on the idea of “toilet water.” But it was happy that the experiment was a success.

The beer was only made for a special event. Stone Beer is not permitted to sell in stores or at the restaurants.

1.Why do some beer makers use rainwater to make beer?

A. To try new sources of water.

B. To make special taste for beer.

C. To reduce the cost of production.

D. To give up pure water in production.

2.What did Stone Beer Company want Pure Water San Diego to do?

A. Help it to develop new kind of beer.

B. Supply the majority of water to the city.

C. Make waste water clean enough to make beer.

D. Deal with its waste water from the beer production process..

3.What do we know about the special beer?

A. It was welcomed by the public.

B. Few people dared to taste it.

C. It will be sold in large quantities.

D. It received great attention from the media.

4.What did Stone Beer Company think of the reports about the beer?

A. They are satisfying.    B. They are disappointing.

C. They are surprising.    D. They are beneficial.

 

To help someone fall asleep, you must first consider the type of environment that would be ideal for rest, You should start by trying to create the perfect atmosphere for sleep.

Comfortable Sleeping Temperature

The National Sleep Foundation suggests that the temperature to encourage sleep should be somewhere near 18 degrees, which is cooler than the average(平均的)room temperature for most homes. It is just cool enough to need a cover, but keep in mind that the “right” temperature for sleep can be different from person to person.

Consider Sound in the Room

Sound can affect people in different ways. Some prefer total silence and the slightest noises will keep them awake. On the other hand, some people can sleep better if there is a settled sound, such as a fan running or light music. People who like a surrounding sound may also enjoy a sleep sound machine that can provide various noises, such as gentle rainfall or low, classical music;

Create the Right Lighting

Light is one of the most important outside basics that can affect sleep. Light can trick your mind into believing that it is time to be awake. If you are trying to put someone to sleep, it is usually best to get rid of light in the room as much as possible. Hang heavy curtains over natural light sources, close the door to the bedroom, and try to avoid using a lamp or bright nightlight. Some people do sleep better if there is a weak light source that provides just enough illumination to make out surroundings as it makes them feel safe.

Make Creative Use of Movement

While most people only think of movement to help a small child sleep, repeated movement or swing may help a full-grown adult. For a less expensive choice, an indoor hammock(吊床)can be used to provide light movement while someone is going to sleep.

1.What’s the best temperature for sleep?

A. A little higher than indoor temperature.

B. A little lower than outdoor temperature.

C. A little lower than indoor temperature.

D. A little higher than outdoor temperature.

2.How does a sleep sound machine function?

A. By providing surrounding sounds for better sleep.

B. By creating absolute silence for better sleep.

C. By producing loud noises to bother people.

D. By sending out baby music to amuse people.

3.What does the underlined word “illumination” in Paragraph 4 mean?

A. Sound.    B. Heat.

C. Peace.    D. Light.

4.What do we know from the last paragraph?

A. A moving bed is necessary for good sleep.

B. Movements can also work for grownups to sleep.

C. Everyone needs movements for good sleep.

D. Only little kids need movements to sleep.

 

An unusual thing happened to me a few years ago. I spoke casually with a woman who served tables at a restaurant. We knew each other by first name only, but usually chatted for a few minutes each time I ate there.

“Do you have a son about eight years old?” One day, she asked me.

“What has he done?” As a mother, I thought it for a while out of my child’s safety. Then I nodded yes.

“Does he play soccer?” She went on asking.

When I said that he did, she asked if he played in a game the previous week at a particular field. Again, I answered yes.

“I thought so,” she smiled, “I saw him and thought he must be your son.”

“I didn’t know he looked that much like me!” I was amazed and said since there were tens of thousands of young boys in the city.

“Oh, I didn’t see his face,” she said, smiling as if she were keeping a secret.

“Then how did you know he was my son?” Now I was puzzled.

“I was just siting in the car, and I saw a little boy in a baseball cap walking across the field to join his team. He walks like you.”

Walks like me? Now I was curious. How do I walk? Perhaps I can’t help how I walk down a street, but I want to know how I walk through life.

Through life, I want to walk gently. I want to treat all of life: the earth and its people with admiration. I want to walk lightly, even joyfully, through whatever days I am given. I want to laugh easily. And throughout life, I think I would like to walk with more modesty and less anger, more love and less fear. If life is a journey, then how I make that journey is important, but still I wonder how I look when I walk down a street.

1.How did the author feel when she heard the woman’s first question?

A. Angry.    B. Proud.

C. Worried.    D. Understanding.

2.How did the woman know that the boy was the author’s son?

A. By his age.    B. By his face.

C. By his way of walking.    D. By his way of playing soccer.

3.What can we learn from the text?

A. The woman is the author’s close friend.

B. The woman worked in a restaurant.

C. The author’s son didn’t like the woman.

D. The author didn’t believe in the woman.

4.What is the best title for the text?

A. Walking through life

B. Living a peaceful life

C. An amazing woman

D. Discussing about my well-known son

 

Welcome to our website. Here are some most popular books to recommend this week.

I Love to Hate, But I Hate When I Do Not Love

—A. Vishwanath

A collection of quotes by A. Vishwanath. This collection of quotations about life, love and the human condition will leave you with inspiration, motivation and entirely fresh ideas.

It will be available in hard copy at bookstores throughout Canada and the United States.

Cover Price: $ 56.00

Sale Price: $25.00

The Twelve Power Principles TeleSeminar

—John Harricharan

As is usually the case, John Harricharan has taken material that most people would have trouble dealing with and made it simple to understand. It is a great work and at the same time the homeliness from a man is regarded as truly important.

This extra recording of that seminar(研讨会)alone is more than the price of this entire special offer.

Cover Price: $47.40

Sale Price: $12.00

Into the Light

—Heather K. O’ Hara

One hundred of Heather K. O’ Hara's favorite quotes are specifically showed-an excellent way to surround yourself with light every moment of every day!

Load up your printer with high quality paper for this special collection, you will get a gift that is sure to inspire!

Cover Price: $40.00

Sale Price: $12.00

Conquering Fear

—R. W. Kleine

A collection of true life stories by an amazing group of people including John Harricharan, Robert Kleine, Yanik Silver, Joe Vitale, Jim Edwards and more.

They have agreed to open their souls to you in order to help you understand they have all come at one point or another. They’ll tell you their stories and explain how they managed to look their fears and take that step beyond the fear.

Cover Price: $39.92

Sale Price: $12,00

1.Where can you buy a hard copy of I Love to Hate, But I Hate When I Do Not Love?

A. At bookstores in Japan and China.

B. At bookstores in Germany and Canada.

C. At bookstores in Canada and the United States.

D. At bookstores in The United States and Ireland.

2.How much can buyers save if they buy a copy of Into the Light on the website?

A. $31.00    B. $35.40

C. $28.00    D. $12.00

3.Which book is the best one for Jack if he is always afraid of something?

A. Into the Light.

B. Conquering Fear.

C. The Twelve Power Principles TeleSeminar.

D. I Love to Hate, But I Hate When I Do Not Love.

 

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