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Payeng’s tree-planting project began when he was 16, when flooding wiped away a large part of forest. Wild life were left without enough ____, and Payeng watched ____ creatures begin to die off from heat. Deeply ____, Payeng determined to grow trees all his life.

“I ____ the forest department and asked them if they could grow trees on the sandbar (沙洲). They said nothing would ____ there. ____, they asked me to try growing bamboo. It was ____, but I did it. What’s more, there was nobody interested to help me,” Payeng said.

Payeng started his forest by ____ bamboo saplings (幼树) every morning and evening. He even brought red ants to the sandbar to help ____ the soil. When his bamboo trees grew, Payeng decided to slowly ____ other species of trees into the sandbar.

Through his ____ act, Payeng changed the sandbar into a thick, green forest that ____ numerous birds, and wild animals. Payeng’s forest went largely ____ until 2008, when a team of state officials ____ it.

“We were surprised to find such a big ____ on the sandbar,” Gunin Saikia, Assam’s Assistant Conservator of Forests, said. “We are ____ at Payeng. He has been at it for 30 years.”

Now, Payeng makes a ____ with his family in the forest he planted by raising cows and selling milk, and he has his ____ set on planting a second forest on another 1,300-acre sandbar.

“It may take another 30 years, but I am ____ about it, “Payeng said ____.

1.A. food    B. water    C. shade    D. space

2.A. dangerous    B. helpless    C. aimless    D. fierce

3.A. moved    B. hurt    C. attracted    D. saddened

4.A. informed    B. blamed    C. disturbed    D. contacted

5.A. grow    B. live    C. occur    D. work

6.A. Therefore    B. Instead    C. Otherwise    D. Fortunately

7.A. pleasant    B. hopeful    C. meaningful    D. painful

8.A. watering    B. cutting    C. counting    D. observing

9.A. change    B. destroy    C. add    D. improve

10.A. throw    B. introduce    C. put    D. send

11.A. unique    B. ridiculous    C. strange    D. sympathetic

12.A. bears    B. includes    C. shelters    D. hides

13.A. unaccepted    B. unnoticed    C. discovered    D. disapproved

14.A. studied    B. researched    C. came from    D. came across

15.A. forest    B. hero    C. bamboo    D. tree

16.A. proud    B. disappointed    C. amazed    D. mad

17.A. living    B. difference    C. wonder    D. plan

18.A. company    B. home    C. limits    D. goals

19.A. anxious    B. optimistic    C. worried    D. curious

20.A. determinedly    B. hesitantly    C. calmly    D. loudly


People around the world used their computers to buy goods, communicate with others, listen to music, see pictures and learn about different places and ideas. In 2006, more people around the world used new ways to communicate and connect with each other through the Internet.

1. Blog is a short way of saying Web log. Through these personal websites, people can share their experiences, ideas and opinions with anyone on the Internet. People of all ages have their own blogs. For young people, they are a way to show their writings and other forms of self-expression.

2. These sites include “MySpace”, used mainly by teenagers and young adults. MySpace is an online community that lets people share message and pictures with an increasing number of friends. 3.

YouTube is another Internet site that became more popular this year. This website lets anyone create, share and watch short videos. People can watch almost anything on YouTube: news, sports and entertainment events. 4.   These include videos of people singing or dancing, or animals doing funny things. Three young men created YouTube almost two years ago as a personal video sharing service. They recently sold it to Google for more than one half billion dollars.

Games and entertainment also became a larger part of the Internet this year. One Internet social site is called Second Life. 5. They get married, build homes, operate businesses, buy and sell goods, work, play and attend school.

A. It is the most popular social networking site on the web.

B. People of all ages use computers to express themselves.

C. It is an online world in which computer users create a new self and live a different life.

D. Many Websites offer free services to create personal Web pages and fill them with writing site on the Web.

E. There are music videos, and videos made by people in their own homes.

F. More and more people are buying computers because of the lower price.

G. The blog is one form of communication that enjoys growing popularity.


Last weekend I visited Rome for the first time. I spent three busy days in the Italian capital, seeing lots of tourist attractions and walking down streets lit with Christmas decorations. There are a lot of things I love about the city.

Rome is one of the most ancient cities in the world and is full of wonderful relics(遗迹)from its distant past. These monuments include the Roman Forum and the vast Coliseum where gladiators used to fight each other until death and hunt animals coming from another country. The ruins of buildings and temples are fascinating: you can’t quite believe how old they are.

I studied the masterpieces of the Renaissance period at university and was very excited to see them in real life. I walked around the museum in Vatican City and saw plenty of famous sculptures(雕塑). The best part of the visit was, without doubt, the Sistine Chapel ceiling, painted in the early 16th century by the great Michelangelo. It was so breathtaking that I couldn’t tear my eyes away from it.

In Rome, there is a lot of food on offer for tourists but some of it isn’t very good quality. I made an effort to find authentic restaurants to taste the popular meals of the region, like pasta with tomato, onion and bacon. I also loved eating ice cream and hot chocolate under the Christmas lights.

Rome has not only lots of luxury boutiques(精品店)but also plenty of shops that were more in my price range! It was a perfect opportunity to go and buy presents for my family and friends. There was also a Christmas market, where I bought a sparkly decoration for the tree.

1.The underlined word “gladiators” in the 2nd paragraph probably means “_____”.

A. athletes    B. butchers

C. invaders    D. fighters

2.The author found the ruins of buildings and temples fascinating because _____.

A. they represent Rome’s religion

B. they are relics from Rome’s distant past

C. you can’t help wondering how old they are

D. they include the Roman Forum and the vast Coliseum

3.What is mainly discussed in the 3rd paragraph?

A. The great museums of Italy.

B. The sculptures in Rome.

C. Art-related activities during the visit.

D. The achievements of the Renaissance period in Italy.

4.When visiting Rome, you should be careful in choosing ______.

A. the attractions    B. the food

C. the hotels    D. the luxury boutiques


In the coming months, we are bringing together artists from all over the globe, to enjoy speaking Shakespeare’s plays in their language, in our Globe, within the architecture Shakespeare wrote for. Please come and join us.

National Theatre Of China  Beijing|Chinese

This great occasion(盛会) will be the National Theatre of China’s first visit to the UK. The company’s productions show the new face of 21st century Chinese theatre. This production of Shakespeare’s Richard III will be directed by the National’s Associate Director, Wang Xiaoying.

Date & Time: Saturday 28 April, 2.30 pm & Sunday 29 April, 1.30 pm & 6.30 pm

Marjanishvili Theatre  Tbilisi|Georgian

One of the most famous theatres in Georgia, the Marjanishvili, founded in 1928, appears regularly at theatre festivals all over the world. This new production of As You Like It is helmed(指导) by the company’s Artistic Director Levan Tsuladze.

Date & Time: Friday 18 May, 2.30 pm & Saturday 19 May, 7.30 pm

Deafinitely Theatre  London|British Sign Language(BSL)

By translating the rich and humourous text of Love’s Labour’s Lost into the physical language of BSL, Deafinitely Theatre creates a new interpretation of Shakespeare’s comedy and aims to build a bridge between deaf and hearing worlds by performing to both groups as one audience.

Date & Time: Tuesday 22 May, 2.30 pm & Wednesday 23 May, 7.30 pm

Habima National Theatre  Tel Aviv|Hebrew

The Habima is the centre of Hebrew-language theatre worldwide. Founded in Moscow after the 1905 revolution, the company eventually settled in Tel Aviv in the late 1920s. Since 1958, they have been recognized as the national theatre of Israel. This production of Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice marks their first visit to the UK.

Date & Time: Monday 28 May, 7.30 & Tuesday 29 May, 7.30 pm

1.Which play will be performed by the National Theatre of China?

A. Richard.    B. Lover’s Labour’s Lost.

C. As You Like It.    D. The Merchant of Venice.

2.What is special about Deafinitely Theatre?

A. It has two groups of actors.    B. It is the leading theatre in London.

C. It performs plays in BSL.    D. It is good at producing comedies.

3.When can you see a play in Hebrew?

A. On Saturday 28 April.    B. On Sunday 29 April.

C. On Tuesday 22 May.    D. On Tuesday 29 May.


Today anyone will accept money in exchange for goods and services. People use money to buy food, furniture, books, bicycles and hundreds of other things we need or want. When they work, they usually get paid in money.

Lots of the money today is made of paper. But people used to use all kinds of things as money. One of the first kinds of money was shells. Shells were not the only things used as money.

In China, cloth and knives were used. In the Philippine Islands, rice was used as money for a long time. Some Africans once used elephant tusks, monkey tails, and salt as money.

The first metal coins were made in China. They were round and had a square hole in the center. Different countries have used different metals and designs for their money. Later, countries began to make coins of gold and silver.

But even gold and silver were inconvenient if you had to buy something expensive. Again the Chinese thought of a way to improve money. They began to use paper money. The first paper money looked more like a note from one person to another than the paper money used today.

Money has had an interesting history, form the days of shell money until today.

1.In the Philippine Islands      was once used as money.

A. rice    B. knife

C. cloth    D. wheat

2.What was first used as money?

A. Elephants tusks.    B. Cloth.

C. Salt.    D. Sheik

3.The first paper money         .

A. wan passed from west Asia to China    B. looked like a note used today

C. was first used in Europe    D. looked like a piece of fur

4.We can infer from the passage that         .

A. paper money isn’t difficult to make

B. money must be suited to carry

C. people need money to exchange goods with each other

D. people prefer metal coins to paper notes









The Internet has long been regarded as a wonderful tool that allows students to gain insight to useful resources and information. However,this is not always the case.

















Patience is of great importance in our daily life. Once I waited a bus to come at a stop. 30 minutes past, but no bus came. Both upset and annoyed, I decided to walk on feet. But no sooner had I left when the bus arrived. I thought if I had waited for one more minute, I would have caught it. If I chose to take a next bus, I would have to wait for other 30 minutes. Only then do I realize my problem. Being impatient will possible waste all the effort that we have put it in. Now whenever I am close to lose my patience, I’ll think of this experience.


Mirai Nagasu had already lived at least two lifetimes in the sport of figure skating(花样滑冰) when she showed up in Colorado Springs in March 2014. After _______ her only national title at 14 in 2008 and finishing a _______ fourth at the 2010 Winter Olympic Games, Nagasu’s _______ turned, dramatically. A couple of rough _______followed, then she came back to finish third at the 2014 U.S. nationals before the Sochi Olympics, only to be _______from the U.S. team by a committee in favor of fourth-place finisher Ashley Wagner.

Nagasu was _______. “It was awful,” she said. “I was very close to _______. ”She trained hard every day in Southern California _______she was needed as the first alternate. She was not. Looking for a change of scenery, she _______to go to Colorado to visit her friend Agnes and try to ________what to do with the rest of her life. It was there that Nagasu ________ the Olympic coach Tom Zakrajsek, who she asked if he would ________her. It turned out that the ________to what Nagasu wanted to do with the rest of her life, couldn’t have been ________. She kept on skating. “The new environment really ________. ”At their ________ first lesson together, Zakrajsek told her, “You can do triple axel(三圈半跳跃). ”“I ________,”Nagasu said, “and I want to. ”Undoubtedly, she mastered it.

Nagasu, now 4, an age by which young ________have often left the sport. ________, she continued. She was headed to Pyeongchang 2018 Olympic to perform in the women’s free skate. Her efforts finally ________.

1.A. writing    B. breaking    C. losing    D. winning

2.A. tiring    B. boring    C. surprising    D. terrifying

3.A. fortunes    B. interest    C. career    D. temper

4.A. months    B. decades    C. weeks    D. years

5.A. dropped    B. escaped    C. absent    D. forbidden

6.A. impressed    B. inspired    C. desperate    D. fascinated

7.A. fighting    B. falling    C. drowning    D. quitting

8.A. now that    B. in case    C. for fear that    D. on condition that

9.A. decided    B. refused    C. regretted    D. demanded

10.A. let out    B. figure out    C. look for    D. put forward

11.A. searched    B. met    C. changed    D. attracted

12.A. marry    B. blame    C. save    D. coach

13.A. key    B. approach    C. answer    D. entrance

14.A. simpler    B. harder    C. worse    D. higher

15.A. adapted    B. helped    C. mattered    D. benefited

16.A. very    B. just    C. already    D. ever

17.A. must    B. can    C. should    D. may

18.A. alternates    B. teenagers    C. women    D. coaches

19.A. Therefore    B. Besides    C. Otherwise    D. Instead

20.A. came true    B. counted on    C. paid off    D. picked up


The world’s first “Sky Pool” has been uncoated(曝光)-and it’ll give anyone a touch of dizziness(眩晕), unless he or she is not bothered by heights.

Situated in the capital’s new riverside district beside Battersea Power Station, the glass pool, hanging 10 storeys, or 110 feet up as a bridge between two apartment buildings, is 25m long, 5m wide and 3m deep with a water depth of 1. 2m. Swimmers will be able to look down 35 meters to the street below as they take a dip, with only 20cm of glass between them and the outside world. It’s even got a bar, folding chairs and an orange garden.

The pool will be part of Embassy Gardens at Nine Elms, a huge£15 billion building project beside the new American Embassy in south-west London. The project is creating thousands of apartments, the smallest of which are expected to cost nearly $1 million, and the pool will only be open to the apartments’ owners.

Embassy Gardens takes design inspiration from the Meatpacking District of New York with floor to ceiling windows and brick frontages. The designer, Sean Mulryan, desired to push the boundaries in the capability of construction and engineering and do something that had never been done before. The Sky Pool’s transparent structure is the result of significant advancements in technologies over the last decade.

The experience of the pool will be truly unique and it will feel like floating through the air in central London.

Those people lucky enough to swim there will have a perfect view of the Palace of Westminster and the London Eye. It will be a selling point for developers when the second stage of the development is released to market.

1.Who can swim in the Sky Pool?

A. Anyone at Nine Elms.

B. Visitors to London.

C. People living in Embassy Gardens.

D. Those who are not terrified of heights.

2.People lucky enough to swim in the Sky Pool can do the following except       .

A. drinking with friends    B. experiencing diving and surfing

C. appreciating the London Eye    D. sitting in the orange garden

3.What do we know from the text?

A. The pool lies in the centre of London.

B. The pool is 25 metres above the ground.

C. The pool was similar to New York’s modern constructions.

D. The pool is helpful for selling apartments in Embassy Gardens.

4.We can infer from the text that ________     .

A. the apartments in Embassy Gardens are fairly expensive

B. the new American Embassy has been moved away

C. Nine Elms is a street in Embassy Gardens

D. building the pool is not a complex job


People typically wash their hands seven times a day in the United States, but they do it at a far higher temperature than is necessary to kill germs, a new study says. The energy waste is equivalent to the fuel use of a small country.Amanda R. Carrico, a research assistant professor at the Vanderbilt Institute for Energy and Environment in Tennessee, told National Geographic that hand washing is often “a case where people act in ways that they think are in their best interest, but they in fact have inaccurate beliefs or outdated perceptions.”

Carrico said, “It’s certainly true that heat kills bacteria, but if you were going to use hot water to kill them it would have to be a way too hot for you to tolerate.”

Carrico said that after a review of the scientific literature, her team found “no evidence that using hot water that a person could stand would have any benefit in killing bacteria.” Even water as cold as 40°F (4.4°C) appeared to reduce bacteria as well as hotter water, if hands were scrubbed, rinsed(冲洗)and dried properly.

Using hot water to wash hands is therefore unnecessary, as well as wasteful, Carrico said, particularly when it comes to the environment. According to her research, people use warm or hot water 64 percent of the time when they wash their hands. Using that number, Carrico’s team calculated a significant impact on the planet.

“Although the choice of water temperature during a single hand wash may appear unimportant, when multiplied by the nearly 800 billion hand washes performed by Americans each year, this practice results in more than 6 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent emissions annually,” she said.

The researchers published their results in the July 2013 issue of International Journal of Consumer Studies. They recommended washing with water that is at a “comfortable” temperature, which they noted may be warmer in cold months and cooler in hot ones.

1.What’s the meaning of what Carrico told National Geographic in the second paragraph?

A. People are more concerned about their health and begin to wash their hands.

B. It’s important for people to wash their hands to keep healthy.

C. Generally, people’s hand washing behaviors and perceptions are not correct.

D. People like washing their hands very much.

2.The figures in the passage are used to show that __________.

A. using hot water to wash hands has a bad influence on our planet.

B. air pollution has become more and more serious.

C. using hot water to wash hands is a waste of energy.

D. people should pay more attention to the environment around us.

3.This passage is organized in the pattern of __________.

A. fact and opinion    B. cause and effect

C. definition and classification    D. time and events

4.What can we learn from the passage?

A. It’s necessary and useful for people to wash their hands frequently every day.

B. We can wash our hands with water that is at a “comfortable” temperature.

C. Using cold water to wash hands is necessary and much healthier.

D. Hot water can’t kill germs.


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