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阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

China Daily website is inviting foreigner readers to share your China Story!

It has been 1. seems like six long years since I have been back here in the Capital of China. Beijing! I am very excited about my life adventure! The Olympic Games definitely has given Beijing a face lift and the city looks 2.(total) different.

I came back right on the coming of the 3.(China) Lunar New Year. The streets were lined with red lanterns and trees 4.(decorate) with colorful lights from root to tip. The Christmas holiday has definitely become both 5. economic activity and a welcome mat to many foreigners. 6.(shine) Chinese characters, large and colored, boldly mark the roof tops of high rises and glass sky scrapers. Beijing in the winter is known to be one of the 7.(cold) places and amazingly I have adapted 8. the cold very quickly that most times I never notice it.

China is definitely pushing forward to make 9.(it) mark on the world and to obtain the highest position it can achieve. With business on an all-time height in the newest Economic Power, there are many new 10.(opportunity) for people from all over the world.

 

At that time, I was a housewife raising three small children .My life ________ around taking care of my children and finding ways to stretch a dime into a dollar to ________ the bills, but money was always ________.

I really loved being with my kids and I was willing to make whatever ________ for my kids, but I wanted to go to ________ and get my archaeology(考古学)degree. For several years, I had always said I was going to learn it ________ no one believed I actually would. So I eventually decided to give up my ________.

One day my brother came to visit and ________ about our future. While chatting, I mentioned my ________ dream. Looking into my eyes with great expectation, he said “________?”

Over the next few weeks, I just kept ________ our conversation in my head. Yes, I could make a long list of reasons why I couldn’t become an archaeologist. Strangely, however, these reasons seemed more like ________.

I started questioning why I was so willing to ________ a challenge. Finally, I realized that if I didn’t at least try to ________ my goals, I was going to regret my ________ for the rest of my life.

So I started taking university classes. I got a part-time job on weekends so that my husband could watch the ________ while I was working. I even took a few late night classes so that my children would not require daycare and would never come home to a /an ________ house.

Seven years later, I ________ a graduate degree and became an archaeologist. ________, I found that as I reached towards my goals through ________ and difficulties, I became happier and more confident. In this way, my brother changed my life. Perhaps, you also can change your life by asking yourself “Why not?”.

1.A. contributed    B. centered    C. collected    D. gathered

2.A. share    B. change    C. pay    D. check

3.A. tight    B. adequate    C. blank    D. free

4.A. appointment    B. arrangement    C. impression    D. sacrifice

5.A. university    B. company    C. hometown    D. museum

6.A. or    B. and    C. but    D. if

7.A. fate    B. habit    C. business    D. dream

8.A. talked    B. cared    C. thought    D. introduced

9.A. unnoticed    B. unfinished    C. unchecked    D. unsettled

10.A. How come    B. So what    C. Why not    D. For what

11.A. replaying    B. explaining    C. regretting    D. copying

12.A. discoveries    B. points    C. mistakes    D. excuses

13.A. run away from    B. take care of    C. make up for    D. put up with

14.A. make    B. reach    C. point    D. watch

15.A. conclusion    B. contribution    C. decision    D. solution

16.A. friends    B. relatives    C. kids    D. students

17.A. enjoyable    B. simple    C. shabby    D. empty

18.A. abandoned    B. earned    C. wasted    D. saved

19.A. Otherwise    B. Anyhow    C. Moreover    D. Therefore

20.A. success    B. challenges    C. fortune    D. praise

 

In the villages of Mexico, as in some other parts of the world, shopping is a kind of game. In the fine department stores, of course, buyers pay the prices listed on the tags(标签). 1.

Suppose a merchant is a Mexican shopkeeper who sells handmade silver jewelry to tourists. 2. The merchant names a price. Immediately the tourist makes a much lower offer. The price the merchant puts on an article is not usually the price which will finally be paid. But the merchant pretends to be shocked. 3. It takes a long time to make such remarkable earrings. But at great sacrifice the merchant will let the tourist have the earrings at a lower price. The two bargain. The tourist comes up a little, and then the merchant comes down a little. At last they agree on what both consider to be a fair price.

4. The merchant may talk about life in the village or mention interesting sights the tourist should see before leaving Mexico.

The merchant’s way of doing business is much older than the supermarket way. It dates back to Old World times when the town market was the only place where people could exchange news and visit with friends. 5.

In Mexico today, bargaining still makes life interesting for some merchants.

A. The buyers found bargaining really interesting.

B. Bargaining made their lives a little more colorful.

C. While the two bargain, they speak of other things as well.

D. Among the items of jewelry is a pair of earrings a tourist wants to buy.

E. But in most villages, bargaining is a game both buyers and sellers enjoy.

F. While in mountain areas, the buyers and sellers have to bargain every day.

G. The tourist is told that the earrings are real silver, made by people living in the mountains.

 

Researchers at the University of Chicago have trained an artificial intelligence (AI) system to write fake reviews on Yelp, a website showing customers’ reviews on shopping or something else, and it’s pretty hard to tell them apart from a human review.

Their study, which will be pressed at the ACM Conference on Computer and Communication Security in October, aimed to stress how easily these systems can write reviews like humans and how damaging they can become if they're not mentioned properly.

Since many small businesses rely on online reviews to help grow and support their reputation, a future where someone—like a competitor or angry customer—could crazily fill their page with bad reviews written by a machine is pretty worrying.

And, according to the research team, the threat goes far beyond a bunch of fake reviews on Yelp. “In general, the threat is bigger,” Ben Y. Zhao, one of the authors of the study, said. “I think the threat towards society is large and it really misleads users and shakes our belief in what is real and what is not. I think that's going to be even more unimaginable.”

To test how believable these reviews came across, the researchers invited 40 volunteers and had AI generate(生成) five fake reviews for 40 actual restaurants. The volunteers were asked how useful they thought the reviews were and whether or not they thought they were fake. The AI reviews ranked as “effectively indistinguishable” from real reviews, according to the study. Further the fake reviews were given a 3.15 “usefulness” rating, compared to a 3.28 rating for human reviews.

1.Why do researchers use AI system to write fake reviews on Yelp?

A. To press their study at the ACM Conference.

B. To replace humans reviews with AI reviews.

C. To make sure that they are not harmful to our life.

D. To make a research on AI systems review writing.

2.According to the text, what do we know about the AI reviews?

A. They can be found everywhere.

B. They are hardly helpful to our life.

C. They can be vital to small businesses.

D. They bring us a lot of convenience.

3.What does the last paragraph tell us?

A. AI reviews were effectively distinguishable.

B. AI system was really a help in review writing.

C. Restaurants should care for customers’ reviews.

D. AI reviews were almost as believable as humans'.

4.What’s the author’s purpose of writing the passage?

A. To emphasize the importance of AI studying.

B. To predict what the world will be like tomorrow.

C. To warn people of the threat from AI’s fake remarks.

D. To tell the differences between AI reviews and humans'.

 

Why do you go to the library? For books, yes—but you like books because they tell stories. You hope to get lost in a story or be transported into someone else’s life. At one type of library you can do just that—even though there’s not a single book.

At a Human Library, instead of books, you can “borrow” people. People with unique life stories volunteer to be the “books.” For a certain amount of time, you can ask them questions and listen to their stories, which are as fascinating as any you can find in a book. (If you attend, be sure to review the habits that make you a good listener.) Many of the stories have to do with some kind of depressing topic. You can speak with a refugee, a soldier suffering from PTSD(创伤后遗症), a homeless person and a woman living with HIV. The Human Library encourages people

to take time to truly get to know and learn from someone they might otherwise make a snap judgement about. According to its website, the Human Library is “a place where difficult questions are expected, appreciated and answered.”

The Human Library Organization came to be in Copenhagen, Denmark in 2000.Romni Abergel and his colleagues hosted a four—day event during a major Northern European festival. After the success of this event, Abergel founded the Human Library Organization, hoping to raise awareness among youth about depression, which has been growing ever since.

Though there are a few permanent human libraries, most aren’t places at all, but events. Though many do take place at physical libraries, you don’t need a library card—anyone can come and be part of the experience. There have been human library events all over the globe, in universities and in pubs, from Chicago to Tunis to Edinburgh to San Antonio. Check out the organization’s Facebook page to see when the Human Library might be arriving near you.

1.What shall we do before going to the Human Library?

A. Bring a book.    B. Get a library card.

C. Make an appointment.    D. Go over some listening habits.

2.What does the underlined word “snap” in paragraph 2 mean?

A. True    B. Quick.

C. Wrong.    D. Obvious.

3.Why did Ronmi Abergel found the Human Library Organization?

A. He expected to answer different questions.

B. He successfully held an event in Northern Europe.

C. He wanted young people to pay attention to depression.

D. He had set up the Human Libraries all over the world.

4.What is the best title of the text?

A. “Borrow” People Instead of Books    B. Human Library Organization

C. Human Library Is Near You    D. A Library in Denmark

 

As the parent of two teenagers who have played multiple sports over the years, I’ve seen the good, the bad, the ugly and the absolutely cruel.

However, when I think about the value of sports and why my kids continue to play sports teach kids lessons to become successful adults. Through sports, kids learn how to work in teams, have to take risks, how to challenge themselves to be better, and how to behave when they lose—and when they win.

Whether kids play soccer, baseball, football, or cheer, they learn they are part of a team where one person depends on another. When my son plays baseball, he’s not the only one who needs to play well; he depends on his defense to make the plays in the field. When my daughter plays tennis, she depends on her partner to cut off the ball at the net and win the point, and the tennis team depends on each person in order to win the overall match. Sports also teach children to trust and respect the decisions of someone who understands how the entire team needs to work in order to succeed.

Sadly, though, youth sports have suffered from the “winning isn’t everything; it’s the only thing” attitude. They have become too much of a refection of professional sports. Winning is a happy result, but the lessons from losing are even more important. When my daughter loses tennis match, her coach reminds her that you learn more from losing than from winning. Losing makes you focus on improving your skills and your strategy. We’re going to learn from our mistakes and not repeat them.

I believe that participating in youth sports is much more than building a sound body winning a scholarship to college. Sports are the best way to shape and build more self-motivated and happier children and help them become more self-motivated and happier adults.

1.What is the author’s attitude to youth sports?

A. Critical.    B. Positive.

C. Doubtful.    D. Unclear.

2.What does Paragraph 2 mainly talk about?

A. What sports the author’s kids take.

B. What the author’s kids do in sports.

C. How sports benefit the authors kids.

D. How the author’s kids continue to play sports.

3.What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 mean?

A. Teenagers don’t have to win every time.

B. Winning is the only goal for teen players.

C. Teenagers should work together to succeed.

D. Winning is not the most important in sports.

4.What is the best title for the text?

A. Youth Sports Build Better Adults

B. Teenagers Suffer from Youth Sports

C. Losing Brings More than Winning Does

D. Teenagers Perform Better than Adults in Sports

 

Choosing where to live may be one of the biggest decisions you’ll make when you move to Sydney,but you’ll have plenty of help.

Temporary arrival accommodation

Before you move to Sydney,we recommend that you book a temporary place to stay.Once you get here,you can look for longer-term accommodation.

--sydney.edu.au/accommodation/short-term

On-campus-residential colleges(fully catered)

The University has eight residential colleges on the Camperdown/Darlington Campus,comfortable,fully furnished single rooms and daily meals,along with sporting,cultural,leadership and social programs.They also include on-site tutorials(辅导课)in addition to campus-based classes.

--sydney.edu.au/colleges

On-campus residences(self-catered)

The University has two self-run residence—Queen Mary  Building(QMB)and Abercrombie Student Accommodation—on the Camperdown/Darlighton Campus.Both just under a year old,they house up to 1000 students.These residences provide modern single-study rooms with large common living,learning and study spaces,shared kitchens,a theatre,gyms,soundproofed music rooms,art studios,sky lounges and rooftop gardens.

--sydney.edu.au/campus-life/accommodation/live-on-campus.html

Off-campus living

More than 90 percent of our students don’t live on campus.The University is close to many dynamic and multicultural suburbs such as Annandale,Newtown,Chippendale and Glebe.A great place to search is our large online database of properties.

--sydney.edu.au/campus-life/accommodation/live-of-campus.html

1.Where can you find a place to live temporarily?

A. On“sydney.edu.au/colleges”.

B. On“sydney.edu.au/accommodation/short-term”.

C. On“sydney.edu.au/campus-life/accommodation/live-on-campus.html”.

D. On“sydney.edu.au/campus-life/accommodation/live-off-campus.html”.

2.What do students living in QMB have access to?

A. Their own kitchens.    B. On-site tutorials.

C. Daily meals.    D. Gyms.

3.What is the most popular choice among students?

A. Living off campus.

B. Living in host families.

C. Living in self-catered flats on campus.

D. Living in full catered houses on campus.

 

享有国际声誉的伟大科学家霍金Stephen Hawking不幸去世。请根据以下提示对他进行简要介绍,100词左右。

1. 194218日出生于英国,他从小对科学感兴趣;

2. 他毕业于牛津大学(Oxford University),在剑桥大学(University of Cambridge)获得博士学位并留校做教学研究工作;

3. 他有很多著作,其中包括《时间简史》 (A Brief History of Time),《果壳中的宇宙》(The Universe in a Nutshell),《大设计》(The Grand Design);

4. 他曾三次来访中国并做了科学报告和演讲;

5. 他是一位优秀的人,他的勇气、才华、幽默鼓舞了全世界人民。

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假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Our government is trying hard to build an energy-saving society. It is somebody’s duty to work hard and reach this goal. However, not everybody has realized the important of it. Take our school for example. Sometime we can see that lights and computers are still on after class. Some students even forget to turn off the tap after using it and have water running all the time. Our papers are primed on only one side, caused much waste. It’s time we did something to avoid this kind of waste. Firstly, make sure that all the light and other electric facilities turned off when we leave the rooms. Try to forming the habit of turning off the tap immediate after using it What’s more, papers should not be printed on both sides and reused if possible. In a word, if everybody reduce the waste and takes action, we can contribute to our society.

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

I was always told that the three Ps, patience, positive thinking and (毅力), were a sure path 1. success. But this advice does not always work as planned. My high school maths exam is one example. The exam, 2. was originally to be held in our classroom. 3. (change) to the library at the last minute. This, 4., didn’t bother me because maths had always been my strongest subject. I patiently walked to the library, took my seat and did some deep breathing to help relax 5. But my mood quickly changed when I saw 6. first question. I had no idea how to do it. I tried to slay positive and persevered 7. I finally found the solution. With the problem 8. (solve), I felt proud of my 9. (achieve). 10. (fortunate), I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left to complete the rest.

 

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