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Good tool design is important in the prevention of overuse injuries. Well-designed tools and equipment will require less force to operate them and prevent awkward(别扭的)hand positions. They will allow the worker to keep the elbows(肘)next to the body to prevent damage to the shoulder and arm.

Overuse injuries can therefore be prevented or reduced if the employer provides, and workers use:

●power tools rather than having to use muscle(肌肉)power

●tools with specially designed handles that allow the wrist(手腕)to keep straight (See figure 1). This means that hands and wrists are kept in the same position as they would be if they were hanging relaxed at a person’s side


Figure1. Bend the tool, not the wrist

●tools with handles that can be held comfortably by the whole hand. This means having a selection of sizes—remember that tools that provide a comfortable firm Hold for a person with a very large hand may be awkward for someone with a very small hand. This is a particularly important consideration for women who may use tools originally designed for men.

●tools that do not press fingers (or flesh) between the handles, and whose handles do not have sharp edges or a small surface area.

1.What is the best title for the passage?

A. Good tool Design for Women

B. Importance of Good Tool Design

C. Tool Design and Prevention of Injuries

D. Overuse of Tools and Worker Protection

2.Which of the following describes a well-designed tool?

A. It’s kept close to the body.

B. It fully uses muscle power.

C. It makes users feel relaxed.

D. It’s operated with less force.

3.What is Figure 1 used to show?

A. The effective use of the tool.

B. The way of operating the tool.

C. The proper design of the handle.

D. The purpose of bending the wrist.

4.In choosing tools for women, _____of the handle is the most important.

A. the size

B. the edge

C. the shape

D. the position




I really love my job because I enjoy working with small children and like the challenges and awards from the job. I also think my work is important. There was a time when I thought I would never have that sort of career(职业).

I wasn’t an excellent student because I didn’t do much schoolwork. In my final term I started thinking what I might do and found I didn’t have much to offer. I just accepted that I wasn’t the type to have a career.

I then found myself a job, looking after two little girls. It wasn’t too bad at first. But the problems began when I agreed to live in, so that I would be there if my boss had to go out for business in the evening. We agreed that if I had to work extra hours one week, she’d give me time off the next. But unfortunately, it didn’t often work out. I was getting extremely tired and fed up, because I had too many late nights and early mornings with the children.

One Sunday, I was in the park with the children, and met Megan who used to go to school with me. I told her about my situation. She suggested that I should do a course and get a qualification(资格证书)if I wanted to work with children. I didn’t think I would be accepted because I didn’t take many exams in school. She persuaded me to phone the local college and they were really helpful. My experience counted for a lot and I got on a part-time course. I had to leave my job with the family, and got work helping out at a kindergarten.

Now I’ve got a full-time job there. I shall always be thankful to Megan. I wish I had known earlier that you could have a career, even if you aren’t top of the class at school.

1.What is the author’s present job?

A. Working part-time in a college.

B. Taking care of children for a family.

C. Helping children with their schoolwork.

D. Looking after children at a kindergarten.

2.When staying with the two girls’ family, the author ________.

A. was paid for extra work

B. often worked long hours

C. got much help from her boss

D. took a day off every other week

3.Why did the author leave her first job?

A. She found a full-time job.

B. She was fed up with children.

C. She decided to attend a part-time course.

D. She needed a rest after working extra hours.

4.What has the author learned from her own experiences?

A. Less successful students can still have a career.

B. Qualifications are necessary for a career.

C. Hard work makes an excellent student.

D. One must choose the job she like.


Dear Laura,

I just heard you tell an old story of gift giving and unselfish love in your program. You doubted that such unselfish love would happen in today’s world. Well, I’m here to give you  1.



I wanted to do something very  2for my fifteen-year-old son, who has always been the perfect child. He  3all summer to earn enough money to buy a used motorcycle. Then, he spent hours and hours on it  4it looked almost new. I was so  5of him that I bought him the shiniest helmet and a riding outfit.

I could  6wait for him to open up his gift. In fact, I barely slept the night before. Upon a wakening, I went to the kitchen to  7the coffee, tea, and morning goodies. In the living room was a beautiful keyboard with a  8:” To my wonderful mother, all my love, your son.”

I was so  9. It had been a log-standing joke in our family that I wanted a piano so that I could  10lessons. “ Learn to play the piano, and I’ll get you one” was my husband’s  11.

I stood there shocked, crying a river, asking myself how my son could  12this expensive gift.

Of course, the  13awoke, and my son was thrilled(激动的)with my reaction. Many kisses were  14, and I immediately wanted him to  15my gift.

AS he saw the helmet and outfit, the look on his face was not  16what I was expecting. Then I  17that he has sold the motorcycle to get me the keyboard.

Of course I was the proudest mother  18on that day, and my feet never hit the ground for a month.

So I wanted you to know, that kind of love still  19and lives even in the ever-changing world of me, me, me!



I thought you’d love to  20this story.



P.S. The next day, my husband and I bought him a new “used” already shiny motorcycle.

1.A. hope           B. advice           C. support              D. courage

2.A. polite             B. similar              C. special              D. private

3.A. played         B. studied              C. traveled             D. worked

4.A. after              B. before           C. unless           D. until

5.A. sure           B. fond             C. proud            D. confident

6.A. perhaps        B. really           C. almost           D. hardly

7.A. start              B. cook             C. set                  D. serve

8.A. note           B. notice           C. word             D. sign

9.A. disturbed          B. confused             C. astonished       D. inspired

10.A. give              B. take                 C. draw             D. teach

11.A. reason        B. request              C. comment              D. response

12.A. present       B. afford           C. find                 D. order

13.A. neighbor          B. building             C. home             D. house

14.A. exchanged         B. experienced          C. expected             D. exhibited

15.A. tear              B. open             C. check            D. receive

16.A. purely        B. basically            C. obviously        D. exactly

17.A. realized          B. remembered       C. imagined             D. supposed

18.A. only              B. still                C. ever                 D. even

19.A. works         B. exists           C. matters              D. counts

20.A. send              B. publish              C. share            D. write


 —why does she always ask you for help?—there is no one else ______, is there?

A. who to turn to       B. she can turn to      C. for whom to turn     D. for her to turn


 I couldn’t do my homework with all that noise ________.

A. going on             B. goes on          C. went on              D. to go on


 I’d like to arrive 20 minutes early _______ I can have time for a cup of tea.

A. as soon as       B. as a result          C. in case              D. so that


 The prize of the game show is $30,000 and an all expenses __________ vacation to China.

A. paying           B. paid             C. to be paid       D. being paid


 —Why did you leave that position?—I _________ a better position at IBM.

A. offer            B. offered          C. am offered       D. was offered


 When asked by the police, he said that he remembered _______ at the party, but not ______.

A. to arrive; leaving  B. to arrive; to leave  C. arriving; leaving    D. arriving; to leave


 As soon as he comes back, I’ll tell him when _______ and see him.

A. you will come        B. will you come        C. you come         D. do you come


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